Russia is one of the leading countries in the world in production and export of crude oil and natural gas.
The main area of oil and natural gas is the West Siberian Plain.
In 2015, 494 million tons of oil were extracted in Russia (2nd place in the world) 649 billion cubic meters of natural and associated gas (up 11.4% compared to 2014) were produced.
Today, there are several dozens of oil and gas fields on the territory of Russia.
The most well-known oil and gas fields on the territory of Russia are in Urengoy. It is the world's second largest gas field reservoir. The volume of gas is more than 10 trillion cubic meters. This field is located in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District of the Tyumen region of Russia, just to the south of the Arctic Circle.
Tuymazinskoe oil field is located in the Republic of Bashkortostan, the city Tuymazy. The field was discovered even in 1937. Oily layers are located at a depth of 1-1.7 km. Field development began in 1944. Tuymazinskoe field is one of the five largest deposits in the world in terms of oil.
Nakhodkinskoye gas field is located in the Bolshekhetskaya Depression in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District. The field's reserves are estimated at 275.3 billion m3 of gas. Although the field was discovered a long time ago (in 1974), its development began only in 2004.
The Shtokman gas condensate field is one of the largest deposits in the world, opened in 1988. Located in the central part of the Barents Sea shelf, about 600 km north-east of Murmansk. The gas reserves are estimated at 3.7 trillion m2 gas. Gas production has not yet begun, as the significant depth of the mineral and difficult development conditions require significant investment and high-tech equipment.
Kovykta Natural gas field, located in the north of the Irkutsk region, 450 km north-east of Irkutsk. The field is located on a high plateau, covered with dark coniferous taiga. In some parts, the territory is dominated by permafrost. In addition, relief of this area is complicated by numerous canyons. Climatic conditions in the deposit area are also quite severe. Natural gas reserves are estimated at 1.9 trillion cubic meters of gas and 115 million tons of liquid gas condensate.
Vankor oil and gas field is located in the north of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. Includes Vankor and North Vankor areas. The field was discovered in 1991. Oil reserves exceed 260 million tons, gas - about 90 billion m2. Development of the field has just begun in 2008.
Shtokman Angara-Lena gas field. A large natural gas field located in the Irkutsk region. Named by the names of major rivers - the Lena and Angara, located nearby. The field was discovered in the beginning of the XXI century. Natural gas reserves are estimated at more than 1.2 trillion m2.
Samotlor oil field (Samotlor). It is the largest in Russia and one of the largest oil fields in the world. It is located in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug, Nizhnevartovsk area at Lake Samotlor. Experts estimate oil reserves there amount to 2.7 billion tons. They lie at a depth of 1.6-2.4 km. The field was discovered in 1965.
Ety-Pur oil field. This is an oil field located in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, area of the city Noyabrsk. Opened in 1982, development began only in 2003. The oil reserves amount to about 40 million tons.
Top-Tarskoe oil field. Located in the north of the Novosibirsk region. Oil reserves are about 68 million tons. One of the shortcomings of the field is the lack of necessary communications. The field was discovered in 1970 and development began in 2000.
The amount of oil and gas fields in Russia is much more. Some of them, opened in the last century has been developed, and the development of other, relatively recently discovered, has not even started. In addition, scientists believe that not all deposits in the country are opened yet!