Matryoshka is one of the most famous and loved by everyone, Russian souvenir. The basic version of occurrence of nesting dolls says that it appeared in the late 19th century, when there was a growing interest in Russian culture and art in society. At that time, an artistic movement was born and was called "Russian style".
A special attention in the restoration of the traditions of Russian was paid to a peasant toy. Just then, a professional painter Sergey Malyutin created a sketch of painted wooden Russian dolls. It was a round-faced, rosy-cheeked peasant girl, dressed in embroidered shirts, sundress and an apron. Her head was covered with a traditional Russian shawl and in the hands, she held a black cock. This doll named Matryona. Later her name was converted into a common name "matryoshka". The name was not chosen by chance. Matryona is the most common name for a simple Russian woman in the late 19th century, which means in translation from the Latin "mother".
In 1900, Russian matryoshka was exhibited at the World Exhibition in Paris, where a nesting doll received a gold medal and a world recognition. The first matryoshka with its forms and paintings showed a motley varied life: girls in Russian sundresses with baskets and bouquets of flowers or women in winter fur coat with a shawl on their head; the bride and groom are holding a candle in their hands. Sometimes matryoshka represented a whole family.
A very interesting version of the wooden souvenir doll are nesting dolls-presidents. Dolls are painted with portraits of current and historical political leaders and politicians of different countries.
The principle of creating nesting dolls has not changed through the history of Russia. All the tricks of Russian turning art was preserved and passed down from generation to generation, as well as the material of manufacture: basswood, birch, alder.
Many people believe that if you put a note with a wish inside the doll, it will certainly come true!