Extant monuments of literary art, architecture and pictorial art show the highest artistic outlook of the Russian nation. Without a doubt, one of the brightest pages of its culture is the iconography.
It should be noted that the direction of iconography is not just painting; nevertheless, it is valued not less than high. The icons have their own stories. The icon is distinctive because it is inextricably linked with the Russian culture, religion and faith of this country. It embodies the greatness of the Russian soul, its diversity and spirituality.
Iconography is not just a way of writing icons; it is a way of beliefs, way of thinking and a certain way.
Icon is not just a church thing; it is also a story of an entire people. Therefore, it is already part of the culture, as if the story was not developed further.
The icon was painted on wooden boards, sometimes on the boards pasted canvas or primed, top coated with a layer linseed oil for strength. Artists have used natural dyes - vegetable and mineral, which was stirred with an egg yolk, juice plants.
Old Russian icons have individual feature in an image of figures and images. In contrast to the religious themes of Italian and European artists, where the images are portrayed in volume; on Russian icons shapes are flat, ethereal and disembodied.
Many artists worked on Russian icons. Someone just served God and people didn’t immortalized his name. However, someone was famous for centuries. One of these painters is Theophanes the Greek. This is the greatest icon painter of his time, who was born in Byzantium in 1340. Over the years, he painted the churches of Constantinople and other great cities, but worldwide fame to Theophanes brought icons, frescoes and paintings, which he painted in Russia.
We would also like to note Andrei Rublev. This world famous Russian icon painter, monk-artist, is canonized. For hundreds of years, he is a symbol of the true greatness of Russian icon painting. Unsurpassed masterpiece of Rublev is traditionally considered the Trinity icon.
Throughout the history of Christianity icons served as a symbol of faith of the people in God and his help to them.
The icon is not only a sample of art of the past, a certain image, which imagined painters, the object of faith and worship, but also a part of world culture, which is of great value both in the past and in the future.